(TSVN) – Vietnam’s fisheries has gone through a tough year but with bravery; There were many disadvantages and advantages, too. It can be said that this year has “a not good beginning but makes a good ending”. Let’s have an overview of the fisheries field in 2020.
From the perspective of manager
In the context that the COVID-19 pandemic caused deeply and seriously decline to the global economy and trade, the socio-economic of Vietnam in 2020 is still stable and achieve positive results in many fields, this thanks to the prompt and drastic direction and administration of the Government, the Prime Minister and the efforts of all branches, sectors, localities, enterprises and individuals. And the achievements of the fisheries last year are also a piece of evidence for the contribution of the entire political system. In the Fisheries Sector Review Conference in 2020, the Director of the General Department of Fisheries last year is also a testament to the contribution of the entire political system. Mr. Tran Dinh Luan – General Director of the Directorate of Fisheries said in the Review Conference of the fisheries in 2020, at the time of COVID-19, the export was stable since businesses focused on the retail system to overcome their difficulties and served for the period of social isolation. At the time of drought and saltwater intrusion in the Mekong Delta provinces, the productivity was beyond the plan thanks to seasonal orientations, environmental monitoring, good management of crops; good control of breed.
Mr. Phung Duc Tien – Vice Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Ministry stated the leaders of this Ministry had to supervise each locality to know well the context and conduct directly.
Thanks to the “impatience” of the leaders, the fisheries still reaches the destination despite many difficulties, the fisheries contribute significantly to the trade surplus of the agricultural sector.
From the perspective of business
This is a year that the seafood enterprises “tasted bitter” many times. The COVID-19 pandemic upset all the processes and plans of the enterprises. At the beginning of the year, the pandemic and blockade orders in many countries and regions caused goods stagnation since lots of orders were canceled. Businesses cried to heaven because of competition to keep cold storage while the trade was stagnant. They lost their control in investment since goods could not be exported, and they were unable to buy materials.
The enterprises exporting to China are also facing difficulties due to COVID-19 because this country strengthens control and testing to prevent the pandemic, causing congestion at the fishing ports. Vietnamese businesses are facing many difficulties, especially businesses of pangasius and seafood. For this issue, the Prime Minister had to urgently find the solutions.
The marine exporting enterprises are struggling since they have many customers but cannot export their products while the situation at borders has not been settled. The reason for this is the lack of empty containers for packing and very high loading cost, 8 -10 times higher than before. This situation is still ongoing. This is also the reason why the seafood export in the last quarter of last year was lower than the previous forecast.
From the perspective of farmers
This is a year when farmers all over the country cried many times. For shrimp farmers, when the enterprises cannot export the products, it means that commercial shrimp can not be sold. In the first many months of the year, the farmers lost heavily since the price of TTCT price dropped significantly at only 70,000 -75,000 VND/ kg. Meanwhile, the farmers raising black tiger shrimp in Ca Mau were even more miserable because the selling price dropped too sharply since black tiger shrimp of this province were mainly exported to China.
At the same time, the export quota was frozen, restaurants and hotels were closed, causing the danger for the farmers of special fish, lobster, grouper, oyster clam, cold-water fish, .ect dropped sharply. At some specific time, lobster even was only 700,000 VND / kg, less than half of the middle of 2019. Evenly, grouper farmers had to starve fish. The clam and oyster farmers in Quang Ninh were in trouble because their products could not be sold, and the harvested products had to be dumped into the sea.
Pangasius farmers are in the same situation, the price of fish dropped to 17,000-18,000 VND / kg and there was no buyer, many farmers had to feed at an indifferent level; Many farmers shall level their ponds due to very low price.
At the end of the year, the sturgeon farmers cried to heaven because the price went down while this fish was inherently hard to, but now facing to cheap sturgeon imported from China. Currently, the “cry” for help from sturgeon farmers has reached the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Ministry of Industry and Trade and related agencies.
Fishermen also have many difficulties, the selling price of seafood products has decreased seriously in the absence of a buyer, the enterprises limit buying due to the market taxes.
From the perspective of experts
According to experts, seafood production in particular, agriculture in general in 2020 was “advantages arisen from disadvantages”; At the first days of the year, the COVID-19 pandemic has caused great obstacles not only for Vietnam but also in many countries around the world, especially is in important export markets. scores of Vietnamese seafood. However, the fisheries received many bright signals last year from the time FTAs were signed and took effect, the enterprises have found new adaptive directions. In general, the fisheries still fulfilled its goals. However, many analysts said that the fisheries sector still has certain difficulties. Dr. Pham Anh Tuan shared, the aquaculture sector is still heavily affected by the epidemic, especially is on major cultured species, this is the biggest risk causing economic losses and costs. According to the Annual Economic Report of the Mekong Delta, quality is the biggest challenge for Vietnam’s shrimp processing and exporting industry due to regulations on food safety and hygiene, antibiotic residues and issues related to US anti-dumping lawsuits
From the perspective of newpapers
2020 is a year “consumed” much ink of newspapers. In the past year, the fisheries industry had so many “events”. All issues related to farming, processing, exporting, and markets were very concerned by newspapers and television stations. Many journalists confided this was a year when the pen hand shook for writing and typing. The tears of Phu Yen farmers when lobsters died in mass, the dismayed faces of the farmers to see their devastated ponds after storms and floods, the farmers had to “starve” their fish because of the great cost and they do not know how long this situation will last.
It is easy to see steel-hull fishing boats lying along the Central coast, it used to be the dream of thousands of fishermen. The ship is being rusted and demaged day by day while the fishermen’s debt is getting heavier when the ship is damaged, they have no money to pay the bank’s debt and helplessly give their property to the bank for auction. According to the Vietnam State Bank – Binh Dinh branch, by the end of September 2020, 50 ship owners “steel 67” in Binh Dinh have overdue debts of more than 300 billion VND, in which nearly half of them is initial debt and the other half is interest.
Perhaps, a rare joy appeared on the newspapers was pangasius “go ahead” to the North at trade promotion programs of this industry in Hanoi in October 2020. Or batches of shrimp, pangasius and tuna that were exported to many markets around the world after FTAs signed. And finally, the performance of the industry achieved steady growing across sectors, creating a new hope for 2021 – the first year of the new decade.
In 2021, the fisheries sector aims to achieve a total output of about 8.5 million tons, equivalent to 101.1% of the year 2020. In which, the exploited productivity is about 3.61 million tons, corresponding to 93.6%; farming is 4.9 million tons with 107.4%. National products: Pangasius reach 1.5 million tons, brackish water shrimp gain 980,000 tons (of which, tiger shrimp achieve 280,000 tons, TTCT is 650,000 tons, other shrimp will be 50,000 tons). Export turnover is about 8.6 billion USD, equivalent to 102.6% compared to 2020.