According to the statistic of The ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), the export of agricultural, forestry and aquatic products currently is ranked 2nd in Southeast Asia, the 15th in the world and presented in 196 countries. In the year 2020, the products of wood, forestry, seafood, coffee, vegetables, cashew nuts, rice continue to be the goods gained over US$ 1 billion, even there are 6 products reached over US$ 2 billion.
A positive sign in the context of COVID-19
In 2020, some big and major agricultural products have confirmed their position and competitive ability in the world. Agricultural, forestry and aquatic exports increased continuously on the number of market, productivity and value, the trade surplus increased significantly. The turnover of many goods of Vietnam such as wood, forest, seafood, coffee, cashew nuts, rubber, rice, fruit have gained over US$ 1 billion, some of them reached over US$ 2 billion. Go through the goods that have high value of export, Mr.Nguyen Quoc Toan, Director of Agricultural Products Processing and Market Development (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development) said: In 2020, wood and forest products reached over US$ 11.5 billion; seafood: US$ 8.6 billion, coffee exports in November gained 1.41 million tons with the value of over US$ 2.46 billion; cashew nuts got US$ 2.94 billion, rubber was nearly US$ 2 billion.
For rice, the total exporting quantity and amount in November 2020 in turn was 5.74 million tons and US$ 2.85 billion. Rice exports to almost the markets within November 2020 increased compared to October 2020. In which, Export to the Philippines increased by 56% in numbers and 64.9% of turnover with 80,266 tons, corresponding to US$ 41.49 billion; The exports to China increased by 16.9%, in quantity, 26.3% in turnover with 94,689 tons, equivalent to US$ 52.12 million.
Despite COVID-19, the growth of seafood production in 2020 estimated to be increased by 3.2%. Mr. Nguyen Quang Hung, the Deputy General Director of the Fisheries Department said: 8.6 US$ billion of the turnover is an encouraging number in such complicated context of COVID-19 in over the world in 2020. In November 2020, the USA, EU and China are three of six import markets of Vietnam seafood that have positive growth, its turnover, in turn, is 25%, 30%, and 15%.
According to Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers (VASEP), Exporting to the USA had a significant increase in June and gained US$ 1.5 billion in November, increasing by 11% compared to last year. Exports of the whole year 2020 to this market was estimated to reach US$ 1.65 billion, increasing by 12% to the year 2019. A month after the effectiveness of EVFTA, seafood exports to the EU from September had a deep increase from 19% to 30%. Seafood exports to China in 2020 gained US$ 1.48 billion, increasing by nearly 5% compared to last year.
Determined to achieve the export turnover of US$ 40-42 billion
Dr. Nguyen Quoc Toan affirmed vegetables, wood, shrimp, pangasius, coffee, rubber, cashew nuts, pepper, etc are the primary goods that have a high value of exports. “In 2020, the branch of Agricultural and Rural Development set the goal to reach US$ 40 – 42 billion”, Dr. Nguyen Quoc Toan also affirmed it is necessary to continue to focus on 8 product groups that over US$ 1 billion and 6 groups of over US$ 2 billion, that are coffee, rice, cashew nuts, vegetables, seafood, wood. The enterprises stated, in the context of COVID-19, the trade in the world had been very different and will continue in 2021, they have to find their own way to “live together” in the pandemic.
Mr. Nguyen Dinh Tung, General Director of Vina T&T Group said, at the beginning time of the pandemic due to a significant decline from these markets, cutting off international flights, also the USA has withdrawn their quarantine staffs making a bad effect on the quarantine process for exporting fruits to the USA market.
However, the demand for the fruit has gradually stabilized because this is one of the essential commodities that good for health. Besides, a good preparation and reservation technology that satisfies the stringent requirements of EU markets in particular and the others in the world in general so the supply is stable.
According to Mr. Pham Thai Binh, General Director of Trung An Hi-Tech Farming JSC, rice is an essential commodity so the reserve demand of nations is increased in the pandemic. An advantage of Vietnam that are 14 bilateral and multilateral free trade agreements; the expansion and diversification also bring Vietnam many advantages, the competition ability of Vietnamese enterprises is higher, especially are goods in the essential sector like food, furniture.
“For rice, Vietnam is always at “top” of rice exports and Vietnamese rice currently has very good quality. Also, Vietnam has advantages from free trade agreements that the other countries don’t have. From this, we can be confident that Vietnam exports has another breakout in 2021″, shared Mr. Pham Thai Binh.
Mr. Tung, General Director of Vina T&T Group has affirmed: In 2021, Vietnam continues to conquer new markets and brings Vietnamese fruit and agricultural products to the world. “To do this based on our available foundation, we are investing more to expand high-quality raw materials area, technical human source to maintain the areas that have already got Global G.A.P certificate, also improve reservation technology. Moreover, we are interested in the certificates of HACPP, ISO, SMETA”.